# Course Listings

**NSC220 Anything Physics (3)**

Prerequisite: Algebra. Once one understands the general concepts of motion, forces, and energy, then all concepts of physics are accessible. The first portion of the course will introduce these ideas to lay down a common language. The rest of the course will cover whatever physics topics the class deems interesting. Students will leave with the ability to recognize physics in their daily life (such as traffic accident reconstruction, gear ratios, refrigerator thermodynamics, physics of the body) and a conceptualization of some physics they may see in the news.

**NSC220L Anything Physics Laboratory (1)**

Concurrent requisite: NSC 220. Students will perform selected experiments in mechanics, possibly electronics, thermodynamics, and simply modern physics or radiation, designed to complement material covered in NSC 220.

**NSC225 Solar System Astronomy (3)**

An introduction to the solar system. Topics include: apparent motions of the sun, moon, and planets in the sky, geocentric and heliocentric models of the solar system, telescopes and how they are used to collect and analyze radiation, the moon and its phases, the nature of the planets, comets, and asteroids, the origin of the solar system, and spacecraft observations of the planets. May be taken by itself or in conjunction with PHY/NSC 225L. Cross-listed as PHY 225.

**NSC225L Astronomy Laboratory (1)**

3-hour lab. Prerequisite or Corequisite: PHY/NSC 225 or PHY/NSC 238.
Students will perform laboratory exercises, telescope observing session, and experiments designed to illustrate the concepts discussed in PHY/NSC 225 and PHY/NSC 238. Cross-listed as PHY 225L.

**NSC236 Concepts of Physical Science I (3)**

Prerequisite: minimum score of 18 on the Math section of the ACT, or satisfactory scores on the in-house math placement test, or satisfactory completion of either GEC 096 or GEC 093/094. An introduction to the study of the physical sciences involving selected topics from astronomy, geology, chemistry, and classical and modern physics. Cross-listed as PHY 236.

**NSC237 Concepts of Physical Science II (3)**

Prerequisite: minimum score of 18 on the Math section of the ACT, or satisfactory scores on the in-house math placement test, or satisfactory completion of either GEC 096 or GEC 093/094. An introduction to the study of the physical sciences involving selected topics from astronomy, geology, chemistry, and classical and modern physics. Cross-listed as PHY 237.

**NSC238 Stellar Astronomy (3)**

The stars, stellar systems, and cosmology will be studied. Topics include: the nature of light, telescopes, multiple star systems, stellar evolution, and the origin, evolution, and future of the universe. This course may be taken in conjunction with PHY/NSC 225L. Cross-listed as PHY 238.

**NSC255P Natural Science-Physics Special Topics (1-3)**

A special topics course investigates a specific topic in Physics that may not be included in the normal Physics curriculum.

**PHY121 Elements of Physics I (3)**

Prerequisite: MAT 115, 143 or 151. An introductory non-calculus course in Physics designed for students majoring in disciplines other than math and the physical sciences. The course covers 1- and 2- dimensional motion, vectors, forces, momentum, energy, thermodynamics, and waves.

**PHY121L Elements of Physics I Laboratory (1)**

3 hour lab. Concurrent Requisite: PHY 121. An introductory non-calculus course in Physics designed for students majoring in disciplines other than math and the physical sciences. Students will perform selected experiments in mechanics, heat, and sound.

**PHY122 Elements of Physics II (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 121. An introductory non-calculus course in Physics designed for students majoring in disciplines other than math and the physical sciences. The course covers electric fields, Ohm's Law, magnetism, light, lenses, and some 20th century physics.

**PHY122L Elements of Physics Lab II (1)**

3 hour lab. Concurrent Requisite: PHY 122. An introductory non-calculus course in Physics designed for students majoring in disciplines other than math and the physical sciences. Students will perform selected experiments in sound, electricity, optics, and possibly some 20th century physics.

**PHY141 General Physics I (4)**

Concurrent Requisites: MAT 151. An introductory calculus-based course for Physics, Chemistry, Math and Pre-Engineering majors. Topics include mechanics.

**PHY141L Introduction to Measurement I (1)**

3-hour laboratory. Concurrent requisite: PHY 141. Students will perform selected experiments in mechanics.

**PHY142 General Physics II (4)**

Concurrent Requisites: MAT 152. An introductory calculus-based course for Physics, Chemistry, Math and Pre-Engineering majors. Topics include electricity and magnetism.

**PHY142L Introduction to Measurement II (1)**

3-hour laboratory. Concurrent requisite: PHY 142. Students will perform selected experiments in electricity and magnetism.

**PHY225 Solar System Astronomy (3)**

An introduction to the solar system. Topics include: apparent motions of the sun, moon, and planets in the sky, geocentric and heliocentric models of the solar system, telescopes and how they are used to collect and analyze radiation, the moon and its phases, the nature of the planets, comets, and asteroids, the origin of the solar system, and spacecraft observations of the planets. May be taken by itself or in conjunction with PHY/NSC 225L. Cross-listed as NSC 225.

**PHY225L Astronomy Laboratory (1)**

3-hour lab. Prerequisite or Corequisite: PHY/NSC 225 or PHY/NSC 238.
Students will perform laboratory exercises, telescope observing session, and experiments designed to illustrate the concepts discussed in PHY/NSC 225 and PHY/NSC 238. Cross-listed as NSC 225L.

**PHY236 Concepts of Physical Science I (3)**

Prerequisite: minimum score of 18 on the Math section of the ACT, or satisfactory scores on the in-house math placement test, or satisfactory completion of either GEC 096 or GEC 093/094. An introduction to the study of the physical sciences involving selected topics from astronomy, geology, chemistry, and classical and modern physics. Cross-listed as NSC 236.

**PHY237 Concepts of Physical Science II (3)**

Prerequisite: minimum score of 18 on the Math section of the ACT, or satisfactory scores on the in-house math placement test, or satisfactory completion of either GEC 096 or GEC 093/094. An introduction to the study of the physical sciences involving selected topics from astronomy, geology, chemistry, and classical and modern physics. Cross-listed as NSC 237.

**PHY238 Stellar Astronomy (3)**

The stars, stellar systems, and cosmology will be studied. Topics include: the nature of light, telescopes, multiple star systems, stellar evolution, and the origin, evolution, and future of the universe. This course may be taken in conjunction with PHY/NSC 225L. Cross-listed as NSC 238.

**PHY241 General Physics III (3)**

Concurrent Requisites: MAT 201. An introductory calculus based course for Physics, Chemistry, Math and Pre Engi�neering majors. Topics include waves, sound, heat, optics, and modern physics.

**PHY241L Introduction to Measurement III (1)**

3-hour lab. Concurrent Requisite: PHY 241. Students will perform selected experiments in heat, sound, optics, and modern physics.

**PHY242 Modern Physics (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 122 or 241 and MAT 152. Special relativity, introduction to quantum mechanics, atomic and nuclear physics are covered.

**PHY251 Electronics (4)**

3-hour lecture, 3-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: PHY 122 or 142. Electronics will study AC and DC circuits and discrete and integrated semiconductors including: diodes, transistors, amplifiers, and oscillators. Other topics will include a study of digital logic, digital circuitry and microprocessors including: gates, flip-flops, counters, registers, multiplexing, and A/D converters.

**PHY255 Special Topics in Physics (1-3)**

A special topics course investigates a specific topics in Physics that may not be included in the normal Physics curriculum. The course may be structured to emphasize lab work, equipment or computer software development and evaluation, or the more traditional lecture format.

**PHY301 Advanced Mathematical Methods I (4)**

Prerequisite: MAT 201. The mathematical methods used in Physics are studied. Topics include the algebra and calculus of vectors, coordinate transformations, elements of matrix algebra, matrix diagonalization, orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, tensor algebra, elements of tensor calculus, Cartesian tensors, and application of vectors and tensors to physical problems. Cross-listed as MAT 301.

**PHY302 Advanced Mathematical Methods II (4)**

Prerequisite: MAT/PHY 301. A continuation of PHY 301. Topics include: elements of partial differential equations, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, Dirac delta function, orthogonal functions, Sturm-Liouville systems, series solutions of partial differential equations of mathematical physics. Cross-listed as MAT 302.

**PHY311 Statics (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 241, MAT 201. Statics will cover the application of the conditions of equilibrium to coplanar and space systems, static friction, centroids and moments of inertia.

**PHY312 Classical Mechanics (4)**

Prerequisite: PHY 242, MAT 202, MAT 220. An examination of the motion of a particle, systems of particles, d'Alembert's principle, calculus of variation, Lagrange's equation, Hamilton's principle and dynamics, rigid bodies, moving coordinate systems, and small oscillations.

**PHY315 Thermal Physics (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 241 and MAT 202. An investigation of the Laws of Thermodynamics, Maxwell's relation and Thermodynamic potential and the equation of state and elements of phase transition. An introduction to statistical mechanics, Maxwell-Boltmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics and applications will be provided.

**PHY317 Astrophysics (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 242. An advanced introduction to physics associated with astronomy and cosmology. Topics will include orbital mechanics, spectroscopy, stellar interiors and evolution, galactic dynamics, the interstellar medium and cosmology. Students can expect to utilize equipment at and data from The Bank of Kentucky Observatory as part of this course.

**PHY321 Advanced Experimental Physics I (1)**

3-hour lab. Prerequisite: PHY 241L. Students will perform selected experiments in mechanics, heat, physical optics, electricity and magnetism, solid state, and atomic and nuclear physics, designed to acquaint the student with the instrumentation and techniques of measurement and computer analysis used in modern day physics.

**PHY322 Advanced Experimental Physics II (1)**

3-hour lab. Prerequisite: PHY 241L. Students will perform selected experiments in mechanics, heat, physical optics, electricity and magnetism, solid state, and atomic and nuclear physics, designed to acquaint the student with the instrumentation and techniques of measurement and computer analysis used in modern day physics.

**PHY391 Research Projects I (1)**

An experimental project with a tone of research for physics majors.

**PHY392 Research Projects II (1)**

An experimental project with a tone of research for physics majors.

**PHY411 Nuclear and Particle Physics (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 416; MAT 310. An examination of nuclear decay, nuclear reactions and models, subatomic particles, and discussions of recent advances in nuclear and particle physics.

**PHY412 Introduction to Solid State Physics (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 241, 251, 416. Topics covered in this course will include X-ray crystallography, semi-conductor, phonons, dielectric materials, magnetic materials, and theory of solids.

**PHY416 Quantum Mechanics (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 242; MAT 202, 310. Course will cover the dual nature of matter and radiation, the development of quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principles, wave functions and Schrodinger�s equation, representation theory, Hilbert Space, Dirac notation, eigenvalue problems, the potential well and potential barrier, as well as additional solutions to Schrodinger�s equation such as in simple symmetries of 2-3 dimensions. The hydrogen atom and associated quantum numbers may be included.

**PHY422 Advanced Classical Mechanics (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 312. A continuation of topics explored in Classical Mechanics, including an in depth examination of Hamiltonian mechanics, nonlinear mechanics, chaos, collision theory, and continuum mechanics.

**PHY426 Advanced Quantum Mechanics (3)**

Perquisite: PHY 416. This course will consider some of the material in PHY 416 in more detail and continue on with the hydrogen atom, angular momentum and spin, systems of particles, perturbation theory, scattering theory, and other special topics of interest.

**PHY432 Electromagnetism (4)**

Prerequisite: PHY 142, MAT 202 and 310. Electric and magnetic fields in free space and in materials, electromagnetic fields and waves and radiation are discussed.

**PHY442 Advanced Electromagnetism (3)**

Prerequisite: PHY 432. This course will consider some of the material in PHY 432 in more detail and continue on with Electrodynamics, radiation near and far fields, and some common elementary graduate school problems.

**PHY475 Advanced Topics in Mathematical Physics (3)**

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. An in-depth investigation of a current issue in mathematical physics using the tools previously developed in the program. The issue will be selected from topics such as functional integration, introduction to quantum field theory, differential geometry, general relativity, solitons, applications of non-linear PDEs, and representation theory, among others. Cross-listed as MAT 475.

**PHY490 Advanced Research Proposal (1)**

Prerequisite: PHY 322. The student will create a written proposal for a research project that consists of a timeline, budget, and defined accomplishments. This proposal will be based on background readings and often some preliminary data measurements to verify the feasibility of the project. It is possible to successfully complete this course with the conclusion that the proposed project is not feasible or not affordable. In this situation, the student must repeat the course with more realistic goals. The proposal will be reviewed by the departmental faculty and the Chair�s approval is required to take PHY 491. This course may be repeated once for additional credit.

**PHY491 Advanced Research Projects in Physics (2)**

Prerequisite: Permission of the Chair, indicating successful completion of a viable proposal from PHY 490. This course consists of an advanced computational or experimental project with research for physics majors based on the timeline, budget, and defined accomplishments of the approved PHY 490 proposal.

**PHY492 Advanced Research Projects II (1-2)**

An advanced experimental project with research for physics majors. For students teaching in secondary education, a special independent study will be assigned. PHY492 will include a seminar component and comprehensive exit exam for Physics majors.

**PHY498 Senior Seminar (1)**

Prerequisite: 25 credit hours of Physics. Weekly seminar for the discussion and exploration of current topics in physics. Students will be required to research scientific articles and offer both written and oral critiques of the work. This course will also include preparation for and completion of a comprehensive exit exam for physics majors.

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